Tramadol is typically used to relieve moderate up to severe moderate pain. It is the most often prescribed medication for treating any sort of pain ailments ranging from mild to severe across the world. The generic name of the drug is Ultram, the drug combined with paracetamol in order to enhance the efficacy of the drug to treat pain. Tramadol is not only used for pain acute but also treats accidents injuries, the chronic condition such as cancer surgeries or joint pain. Due to the immediate pain relieving property, most of the healthcare professionals are prescribing Tramadol to their patients.
How do Tramadol works?
Tramadol works by decreasing the perception of pain in the brain. It hinders norepinephrine reuptake and serotonin in the central nervous system (CNS) to block the action of pain nerves. As a result, the pain gets alleviated gradually.
Tramadol can be obtainable in various formations such as the oral tablet, capsules, and liquid formulations, but among that oral tablets are the most often form of prescribed Tramadol. The oral tablets come in two different variants, one is immediate release (IR) and the second one is extended release (ER) forms.
The IR tablet dosage is 50 mg, which acts in the body immediately than that of the ER form, and the lasting life of the IR is 4 to 6 hours. The ER form dosages are starts from 100 mg, 200mg, and ends with 300mg. The ER form works in the body slowly than that of the IR, but the lasting life of the capsule is 24 hours.
The liquid formulation works faster than the tablet formulations, and it can take with water or else you can mix it with the ice cube, and allow it to melt in your mouth.
Dosage guidelines for Tramadol
The Tramadol dosage is completely based on the individual’s health condition, especially the age, sex, severity of the ailment and other medical condition so that do not take the drug without proper doctor guidance.
Tramadol tablets and capsule should be administered orally by mouth with water as per your doctor advise but avoid fat or heavy meal because which lessen the effect of the drug.
Do not chew or snort the tablet dosages because which affects your central nervous system directly; you may experience fatal damages. The maximum Tramadol dose is 400mg per day, not more than that.
Tramadol oral tablets accompany various warnings. Read below and know some of the major warnings
Tramadol can trigger the adverse allergic response in your body, and that includes breathing troubles, itching, hives, peeling skin and swelling of your throat etc. consult your doctor If you have a seizure, psychological health problems, addiction, head impairment, stomach issues. Do not take this pain reliever medication if you have ever had these problems during the treatment and seek emergency help or get medical help.
Precautions and drug interactions
If you have taken MAO inhibitor treatment for last 15 days, then you should not take the drug. The MAO incorporates (isocarboxazid, methylene, blue injection, selegiline, rasagiline).
Tramadol immediate-release tablet should not give to the child who is younger than 12 years, and extended-release form is only given to the children who beyond the age of 18.
The drug is not recommended for pregnant and breastfeeding women because of the drug cause life-threatening symptoms to your child or unborn baby.
Never share this pain reliever medication with anyone, particularly a person with a history of abuse. This is because misuse of this drug can cause overdose, addiction, coma, and sometimes death.
Like other medications, Tramadol also interacts with some other medication so that do not take medications such as antibiotics, digoxin, anesthesia medications, antipsychotic drugs during the Tramadol treatment. Especially, never take alcohol while consuming this pain drug.
Tramadol side effects
If the side effects are mild and not more than an hour, it will go away within a couple of weeks or days. If they are severe and long-lasting, then you should seek emergency help or call your doctor.
Common side effects
- Dry mouth
- Vomiting and nausea
- low energy
Serious side effects
- Breathing problems
- Slow heart rate or decreased pulse rate
- Problems in menstrual periods
- Sexual problems, impotence
- Pain in the abdomen.